Bayan Zubewa, Kwayar cutar ta sake Sauri a Tsakanin Midwest - New York Times

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CHICAGO - Na farko, Pacific arewa maso yamma da Arewa maso gabas da aka buga mafi wuya kamar yadda coronavirus ya tsage cikin kasar. Daga nan sai ta haye kudu. Yanzu kwayar cutar tana sake yin saurin haɗari a cikin Midwest - kuma a cikin birane daga Mississippi zuwa Florida zuwa California waɗanda suke tunanin sun riga sun ga mafi munin ta.

Yayinda Amurka ke kawar da abin da ke faruwa a karo na biyu, yayin da sabbin cututtukan yau da kullun ke taɓarɓarewa a wani babban lamari mai cike da damuwa, akwai fahimtar ƙasa da cewa ci gaba da aka samu a yaƙin cutar ta Ebola ya dawo gaba ɗaya kuma babu wani yanki na Amurka da ke lafiya .

A Missouri, Wisconsin da Illinois, jami'an gwamnati masu bakin ciki suna sake jan hankali a kan mazauna da kasuwancin, da kuma yin gargadi game da karuwar cutar asibiti da ke da cutar cututtukan mahaifa.

A Kudu da Yamma, jihohi da yawa suna ba da rahoton mafi girman matakan sababbin cututtukan coronavirus, tare da barkewar cutar ta mamaye birane da ƙauyuka iri ɗaya.

A duk faɗin ƙasar, al'ummomin da suka hada da Snohomish County, Wash., Jackson, Miss., Da Baton Rouge, La., Sun ga lambobin coronavirus sun faɗi sannan kuma suna harba baya - ba kamar sabanin ƙarshen tekun gani ba.

A cikin Illinois, Gov. JB Pritzker ya yi karar sanarwa a wani mako mai ban mamaki a wannan makon da ya gabata yayin da yake ba da gargadin da ya sake bullowa a duk fadin jihar: Kodayake mutanen Illinoisans sun yi fama da ambaliyar farko na cututtukan coronavirus sannan kuma suka sami nasarar rage yaduwar kwayar cutar, nasarorin da suke samu ba ta wucewa ba. Tun daga ranar alhamis, jihar na daukar karin mutane sama da 1,400 a kowace rana, daga sama da 800 a farkon watan Yuli.

Mr. Pritzker ya ce, "Muna a wani wuri mai hatsarin gaske," in ji Mr. Pritzker a Lardin Peoria, inda adadin wadanda suka kamu da shi ya ninka a watan da ya gabata.

Ya tafi duk wata ma'ana da kasar nan zata iya kamuwa da ita bayan barkewar cutar. Madadin haka, Amurka ke hawa karo na biyu na shari'o'i, tare da matsakaita na kwana bakwai don sabon cututtukan da ke ratsa kusan 65,000 na makonni biyu. Yawancin ci gaba a wasu jihohi ya ɓaci ta hanyar barkewar annobar a sassan Kudu da Tsakiyar Midwest.

"Akwai wani nau'in gajiya da takaici, kuma a zahiri ma ina jin hakan, - dukkanmu muna jin hakan," in ji Alkalin Lardin Lina Hidalgo, wani babban jami'i a Harris County, wanda ya hada da Houston. "Don haka abu ne mai wahala ka san cewa babu makoma a zahiri."

A ranar juma’a, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, babban masanin cutar kanjamau na kasar, ya fada ma majalisar dokoki cewa ya yi kaffa-kaffa cewa za a sami rigakafin cutar sankara idan ba a karshen shekarar ko farkon 2021 ba, kodayake ikon gwamnatin tarayya na ba a bayyana cikin sauri ba yawancin Amurkawa ba.

Ko da gano ko wanene ke da cutar ƙalubale ne, kamar yadda shirye-shiryen gwaji suka ba da dama ga Amurkawa da yawa tare da jinkiri wajen samar da sakamako.

Haka kuma hoton yana nuna bacin rai a kasashen ketare, inda hatta gwamnatocin da zasuyi dace da su yakar cutar suna ganin farfadowa.

Sabbin cututtukan yau da kullun a cikin Japan, wata ƙasa wacce ke da al'adar gargajiya ta sanya lullube fuska, ta tashi sama da kashi 50 cikin ɗari a watan Yuli. Ostiraliya, wacce za ta iya yanke kanta daga sauran duniya cikin sauƙin fiye da yawancin, tana fama da yaduwar cututtuka a ciki da kuma kusa da Melbourne. Hong Kong, Isra'ila da Spain suma suna fada da taguwar ruwa ta biyu.

Babu ɗayan waɗannan wuraren da ke da cutar kamuwa da cuta kamar Amurka, wanda ke da mafi yawan lokuta da mutuwa a duniya, fiye da ƙasashe biyu da suka fi ƙarfin bugawa - Brazil da Ingila - a haɗe.

A cikin al'ummomin Amurka da suka ga ci gaba a watan Yuni, kamar su Milwaukee County da ke Wisconsin, ana samun nutsuwa mai yawa, in ji Dokta Ben Weston, darektan kula da lafiya na Ofishin Kula da Gaggawa na Milwaukee County.

Amma sai sanya sutura ta rufe fuska da nisantawar mutane suka fara natsuwa.

"Mun fahimci cewa, kamar dai, '' Muna bayan wannan, yanzu ya fara sauki, '' in ji shi. "Mun kasance muna ganin lambobinmu suna sauka, amma dalilin shine na sha'awa. Saboda mutane sun kasance suna mai da hankali sosai. Babu wani dalilin da zai sa a yi tunanin cewa kararraki ba za ta tashi ba. ”

A ranar Alhamis, Gov. Tony Evers, dan jam'iyyar Democrat, ya sake yin wani yunƙuri na neman magance matsalar tashe tashen hankula a cikin jiharsa, tare da ba da odar cewa kowane ɗan Wisconsinite ya rufe mashin a cikin gida daga farawa Asabar.

Yawancin jihohi sun gano sabbin cututtukan da ke haifar da raguwar takunkumi mai tsadar tattalin arziki wanda ke nufin dakatar da yaduwar cutar.

A California, wanda ke da cutar cutar coronavirus fiye da 500,000, fiye da kowane yanki, sake buɗewa ya zama mummunan bala'i. Lokacin da annobar ta yi ta ɓari a Arewa maso Gabas a cikin Maris da Afrilu, California ta ci gaba da ƙididdigar yawanta ta yau da kullum kusan 2,000, kuma an yaba wa jihar saboda rawar gabanta da ta yi don magance cutar.

A yanzu haka jihar tana daukar nauyin ninki fiye da sau hudu - 8,500 a rana. Lardin Los Angeles da sauran lardunan Kudancin California suna asarar yawancin cututtukan jihar, amma yanzu kwayar cutar ta ko'ina.

An karfafa wannan ra'ayin ne a ranar Talata lokacin da jami’an kiwon lafiya a daya daga cikin sassan jihar mafi muni na jihar, Modoc County, wanda ya kasance na karshe na kananan hukumomi 58 na California ba tare da wani lamari da aka sani ba, ya ba da sanarwar cewa cutar ta iso.

Wata ma'aikaciyar mai jiran gado a Brass Rail, wani gidan cin abinci da mashaya ta Basque, ta gwada inganci, tana kara nuna damuwa game da yaduwar kwayar cutar a cikin wani yanki mai cike da mutane da yawansu ya kai 8,800 kuma inda shanu suka fi mutane biyar zuwa daya. (Laka a cikin wani takarda da ke gargadin mazaunan coronavirus ya fada wa mutane da su tsawaita tsawon saniya guda baya.)

Mai gadin da mijinta kwanan nan sun dawo daga tafiya zuwa Tsakiyar Tsakiya, a cewar maigidan kamfanin Brass Rail, Jodie Larranaga, wanda ta ce ta zaci likitan ya kamu da cutar ne yayin tafiyarta.

Mazaunan garin sun ce cutar ta bulla a yanzu haka a cikin dazuzzukan daji da ke arewa maso gabashin jihar, abin shaida ne ga yaduwar da ba a san shi ba, in ji mazauna lardin. Alturas, birni ɗaya da aka haɗa a cikin Modoc County, ya kasance mai keɓancewa sosai kuma ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta ƙwallon ƙafa dole ne ya tuƙa har tsawon awanni biyar don kaiwa abokan hamayyarsa.

Juan Ledezma, wani shagon sayar da kayayyaki a kan Main Street a Alturas ya ce "Dukkanmu mun aminta lafiya na wani dan lokaci." "Yanzu, abin tsoro ne kadan."

Kasuwanci a duk faɗin ƙasar sun yi watsi da shirin nasu na dawowa al'ada bisa la’akari da sake dawowar cutar.

Kamfanin da ke aiki da fitaccen taksi na ruwa a Kogin Chicago, da ke jigilar fasinjojin da za su yi aiki a kowace rana, ya yi fatan sake buɗewa ta ranar Ma'aikata. A wannan makon, jami’an sun jinkirta wadancan tsare-tsaren har zuwa Maris.

Gidan cin abinci na Berghoff mai tarihi a cikin Loop na Chicago da aka sake buɗewa a ƙarshen Yuni bayan rufewar watanni, alama ce da ke nuna cewa murhun coronavirus ya lalace kuma ƙauyen birni ya shirya don fara yin humming.

A wannan makon, yayin da cututtukan coronavirus suka kamu a cikin Illinois, gidan cin abinci ba tare da bata lokaci ba ya rufe ƙofofin ta a karo na biyu.

Pete Berghoff, wanda dangin nasa sun mallaki gidan abincin tun daga 1898. "Mun sake budewa, kuma bayan makwanni uku sai kwarjinin ya tashi daga gare ni."

Daga jihohi zuwa yanki da yanki zuwa yanki, hoton yaduwar cutar coronavirus yana canzawa kowace rana yayin da wasu al'ummomi suke ganin haɓakawa na sannu-sannu kuma wasu ba zato ba tsammani.

Wuraren 'yan wurare, ciki har da Arizona, South Carolina da Texas, sun fara ganin sabbin rahotannin kararraki sun ragu bayan manyan lamura. California, Florida da Louisiana suna ci gaba da ba da rahoton wasu daga cikin mafi ƙididdigar yawan cutar yau da kullun.

Harin Rio Grande da ke Texas yana fama da mummunar barkewar cuta mafi muni a cikin kasar, tare da ɗaruruwan sabbin cututtuka da kuma mutuwar mutane da yawa a rana. A cikin fiye da rabin jihohin, barkewar cutar na ci gaba da girma.

A Missouri da Oklahoma, shari'o'in sun karu zuwa matakan tsoro, tare da yanzu jihohin biyu suna da wadatar sama da 1,000 kowace rana. Kuma a cikin Maryland da Tsibirin Rhode, lambobin yau da kullun suna ci gaba da hauhawa bayan lokaci mai dorewa.

A duk faɗin ƙasar, mace-mace daga coronavirus na ci gaba da hauhawa. Kasar ta kasance kusan kimanin 500 a kowace rana a farkon Yuli. A cikin makon da ya gabata, yana da kusan fiye da 1,000 kowace rana, tare da yawancin wadanda aka mayar da hankali a jihohin Sun Belt. A ranar Laraba, California, Florida da Texas sun ba da rahoton hadadden mutuwar mutum 724, kusan rabin alkalumman kasa baki daya.

Houston, birni mafi girma na huɗu a ƙasar, yana daidaitawa zuwa sabon al'ada inda kawai abin da tabbas tabbas shi ne babu abin da tabbas. Bayan lokuta da asibitocin asibiti sun zama kamar sun ragu kuma har ma da raguwa a cikin 'yan kwanakin nan, Harris County ranar Jumma'a ya karya rikodin kwana ɗaya tare da sababbin 2,100.

Alan Rosen, wanda ke shugabantar ofishin kula da gandun dajin Harris County Daya ya ce "Ina tunanin har zuwa wani lokaci, mun ga yadda abin ya faru saboda mutane sun gaji da kai." "Sun kasance masu wahala a duk lokacin da suka ji shi. Sun gaji da halin samun nutsuwa a gidansu da nisantar mutane. ”

Mutanen da ke wurin sun yi fama da matsanancin ruɗani na ruhaniya, damuwa, tattalin arziƙi da dabaru daga wahalar da ba a iya gani kusan shekaru uku bayan tsira daga Hurricane Harvey, ɗaya daga cikin bala'i mafi muni a tarihin Amurka.

"Wani rogon roba ne, ”in ji Mista Rosen, wanda ya warke bayan kamuwa da kwayar cutar a watan Mayu. "Wannan ba kamar mahaukaciyar guguwa ba ce ta ke faruwa kuma mun san abin da ya kamata mu yi." Mun san ya kamata mu tsabtace kuma mu sake gini kuma kowa ya saba da tsarin lokaci. Amma tare da wannan, akwai kawai jahilci masu yawa. ”

Julie Bosman ya ruwaito daga Chicago, Manny Fernandez daga Houston da Thomas Fuller daga Alturas, Calif. Mitch Smith ya ba da gudummawar bayar da rahoto daga Chicago.

Wannan labarin ya fara ne (a Turanci) a kan NEW YORK TIMES

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