Kimiyya tana Bayar da Hasken Rana a matsayin Hanya don Cutar Kwayar cuta, kuma Trump Yayi Rushe Da Ita - New York Times

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Shugaba Trump ya dade yana nuna fatansa a kan karfin hasken rana don kayar da kwayar cutar ta Covid-19. A ranar alhamis, ya koma ga wannan jadawalin yayin taron kara wa juna sani na White House coronavirus, inda ya kawo wani babban masanin harkokin kimiyya don goyan bayan bayanan sa da kuma tunani mai zurfi - cikin haɗari, a ganin wasu masana - game da ikon hasken rana, hasken ultraviolet da kuma masu lalata gida don kashe coronavirus.

Bayan masanin kimiyyar, William N. Bryan, shugaban kimiya a Sashen Tsaro na Cikin Gida, ya fada a taƙaice cewa gwamnati ta gwada yadda hasken rana da masu lalata - wanda ya hada da busawa da barasa - na iya kashe coronavirus akan saman a cikin ƙasa da 30 seconds. , mai farin ciki Mr. Trump ya koma wurin lectern.

"Da a ce mun buge jikin ne da wani ban mamaki - ko dai ultraviolet ne ko kuma mai tsananin karfin iko," in ji Mr. Trump. "Kuma ina tsammanin kun ce ba a bincika ba, amma za mu gwada shi?" ya kara da cewa, ya juya ga Mr. Bryan wanda ya koma kan kujerar sa. “Sannan na ce, in dauka kun kawo hasken a cikin jikin, ta hanyar fata ne ko wata hanya.”

Babu shakka ya sake tabbatar da cewa gwaje-gwajen da yake gabatarwa zasu faru, Mista Trump daga nan sai ya yi tunani game da yuwuwar likitocin da ke sa maye a cikin yaki da kwayar.

"Sannan na ga mai maganin a inda yake tofar da shi a cikin mintuna - minti daya - kuma shin akwai wata hanyar da zamu iya yin wani abu kamar haka ta allurar ciki, ko kusan tsaftacewa?" ya tambaya. "Saboda ka gan shi yana cikin huhu kuma yana yin adadi mai yawa a cikin huhun, don haka zai zama abin ban sha'awa idan ka bincika."

masana yi gargadin dogon cewa fitilun ultraviolet na iya cutar da mutane idan anyi amfani dasu ba da kyau ba - lokacin da fallasawar ya kasance a waje jikin mutum, ƙasa da ciki. Amma kwalabe na Bleach da sauran abubuwan maye a ciki suna ɗaukar gargadin haɗarin haɗari. Kwayoyi masu kashe kwayoyin cuta na iya kashe dabbobi ba kawai mutane ba.

Duk da haka duk da karancin shaidar kimiyya, Mr. Trump ya dade yana nuna fatansa game da hanyoyin magance cutar Coronavirus, daga hasken rana da kuma yanayin zafi mai zafi har zuwa tarin magunguna, gami da maganin zazzabin cizon sauro, wanda ya inganta azaman "menene kuka rasa" magani

Jim kadan bayan Mista Trump ya yi tsokaci a ranar Alhamis, jami’an kula da ayyukan gaggawa a jihar Washington buga gargadi a shafin Twitter kan bin shawarwarin shugaban kasa.

"Don Allah kar ku ci kwaroron roba ko allurar da kanta ko wani irin magungunan," in ji su, kafin su bukaci jama'a su dogara da shawarar likita game da Covid-19 kawai. "Kawai kada ku yi mummunan yanayin."

Lokacin da wakilin rahoto ya ba da shawarar cewa shawarar da Mista Trump ya ba da shawarar na iya zama da hadari, barin “mutane su yi tunanin ba za su aminta ba ta hanyar fita cikin zafi idan aka yi la’akari da cewa mutane da yawa suna mutuwa a Florida,” Mista Trump ya jingine ga wani jigon nasa na yau da kullun. : kai hari kan kafofin watsa labarai.

“Ee, ga mu nan, mu tafi,” ya fara, da haushi. "Sabon taken shi ne, 'Trump ya nemi mutane su fita waje, hakan hadari ne.' Anan zamu tafi tsohuwar kungiyar. Ko kana shirye? Ina fatan mutane suna jin daɗin rana, kuma idan tana da tasiri, hakan yana da girma. ”

Neman tabbatar da ra'ayin nasa, Mista Trump ya juya ga Dr. Deborah Birx, mai gabatar da martani na coronavirus na mayar da martani. Ya tambaya idan ta sami labarin nasarar hasken rana a matsayin ingantacciyar kayan aiki a kan ƙwayoyin cuta, kuma musamman musamman maganin coronavirus.

"Ba magani bane," Dr. Birx ya amsa. “Ina nufin, lalle zazzabi abu ne mai kyau idan kana jin zazzabi. Yana taimaka wa jikinka amsa. Amma ba kamar yadda - Ban taba ganin zafi ko…. ”

Mista Trump ya katse mata amsar.

"Ina ganin cewa, wannan babban abin dubawa ne," in ji shi. "Ina nufin ka sani, OK?"

Yayinda barkewar cutar ta yadu zuwa kasashen da ke fuskantar yanayin zafi, wanda ya hada da Ostireliya da Iran, wasu rukunoni sun bincika ko yanayin bazara mai zafi zai rage kwayoyin cutar. A farkon wannan watan, kwamiti na Kwalejin Kimiyya ta Kasa duba na musamman a cikin yanayin zafi da yawan zafin jiki kuma sun gano cewa zasu iya yin tasiri kaɗan kan ƙwayar.

A cikin jawabinsa, Mr. Bryan ya fada a taƙaice cewa littafin noro coronavirus ya mutu da sauri lokacin da aka fallasa hasken rana, tsananin zafi da zafi. Ya ambaci gwaje-gwajen da hukumar ta gudanar a wani dakin bincike mai inganci a Frederick, Md.

Mista Bryan ya ce "abin da ya fi daukar hankalinmu har zuwa yau shi ne babban tasirin da hasken rana ya ke da shi wajen kashe kwayar cutar - ta sama da kuma cikin iska," in ji Mr. Bryan. "Mun ga irin wannan sakamako tare da zazzabi da zafi kamar yadda, yayin da yawan zafin jiki da dumama, ko duka biyun, ba su da wata illa ga cutar."

Binciken hasken rana bai zama abin mamaki ba ga masana kimiyyar rayuwa wadanda, shekaru da yawa, sun ba da rahoton cewa hasken ultraviolet - wani abu ne wanda ba a iya gani amma mai kuzari a cikin yanayin hasken rana - na iya lalata DNA, kashe ƙwayoyin cuta da juya sel fata na ɗan adam daga lafiya zuwa kansar.

Don lafiyar jama'a, babban ƙalubalen yana haɓaka irin wannan kunkuntar binciken binciken don haka suna yin la’akari da yadda yanayin duniya da yanayin canji da ƙarancin rashin tsaro zai iya tasiri ga sakamakon gaba ɗaya - musamman ma akan batun ko kwayar cutar da ke haifar da Covid-19 zata rage lokacin bazara. A wannan makon, wani ma'aunin halayen muhalli a Jami'ar Connecticut bayar da rahoton shaida cewa yanayin bazata na iya sassauta coronavirus, amma bai isa ya kawar da matakan nesanta kansu da jami'an kiwon lafiya suka shawarci ba.

Drivenarancin ƙarancin karatun Labaran an tura su gida a ranar 7 Afrilu a wata wasika ga Fadar White House daga ƙungiyar Kwalejin Kimiyya ta lookingasa da ke bincika bincike kan coronavirus. "Tare da karatun gwaji," in ji kwamitin, "Za'a iya sarrafa yanayin muhalli, amma kusan galibi yanayin ya kasa yin daidai da tsarin yanayin."

Katie Rogers ta ba da gudummawar bayar da rahoto.

Wannan labarin ya fara ne (a Turanci) a kan NEW YORK TIMES

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